PBA Circulars

  • 1.

    PBA Circular February 04, 2023

    Feb-04-2023

  • 2.

    Ministry of Information, Broadcasting and National Heritage Govt. of Pakistan for a one time release to air the campaign of viz Kashmir Solidarity Day

    Feb-04-2023
    through Midas Communication Pakistan (Pvt.) Ltd.
  • 3.

    PBA Circular - Compliance of Clearance Rules

    Feb-02-2023
    PBA/02-23/Cir-20257
  • 4.

    Release of Business - Virtual University of Pakistan to release its campaign DIGI Skills 2.0 Training Program Batch-04 (Radio Campaign Only)

    Jan-31-2023
    through M/s. Interlink Advertising (Pvt) Limited
  • 5.

    Release of Business - Ministry of Information, Broadcasting & National Heritage, Govt. of Pakistan through

    Jan-23-2023
    campaign of viz. Energy Conservation through Time & Space Media (Pvt.) Ltd.
  • 6.

    Release of Business - Ministry of Information, Broadcasting & National Heritage, Govt. of Pakistan

    Jan-21-2023
    Energy Conservation through Midas Communications Pakistan (Pvt.) Ltd.
  • 7.

    Release of Business - Ministry of Information, Broadcasting & National Heritage, Govt. of Pakistan

    Jan-21-2023
    Campaign of viz. Soch Smart Waste Not through Channel 7 Communication (Pvt.) Ltd
  • 8.

    Suspension of Business - X2O (Pvt.) Ltd.

    Jan-05-2023
    SA/01-23/102-20169
  • 9.

    Suspension of Business - Paragon International (Pvt.) Ltd.

    Jan-05-2023
    SA/01-23/129-20170
  • 10.

    Release of Business - Ministry of Information, Broadcasting and National Heritage (Govt. of Pakistan) to release its campaign General Amnesty Scheme for Overstaying Foreigners

    Dec-28-2022
    through M/s. Interlink Advertising (Pvt.) Limited
  • 11.

    Suspension of Business - M/s. Promoters Advertising

    Dec-23-2022
    SA/12-22/36-20155
  • 12.

    Suspension of Business M/s. U & I Garments (Pvt.) Limited

    Dec-19-2022
    SA/12-22/UI-20142
  • 13.

    Suspension of Business M/s. Unichampion Trading Limited.

    Dec-19-2022
    SA/12-22/UC-20141
  • 14.

    Restoration of Business - Up-Tick Venture (Pvt.) Limited.

    Dec-15-2022
    RA/12-22/65-20122
  • 15.

    Suspension of Business - Up -Tick Ventures (Pvt.) Ltd.

    Dec-08-2022
    SA/12-22/65-20118
  • 16.

    Registration of Digital Media Publications / Properties with PBA

    Dec-07-2022
    PBA/12-22/DM-20114
  • 17.

    Restoration of Business - Revolution Media (Pvt.) Ltd

    Nov-30-2022
    RA/11-22/95-20071
  • 18.

    Suspension of Business - Revolution Media (Pvt.) Ltd.

    Nov-28-2022
    SA/11-22/95-20047
  • 19.

    PBA Working Committees 2022 - 2023

    Nov-26-2022

  • 20.

    PBA Circular - Guidelines for issuance of invoices in respect of advertising campaigns of DGPR, Govt. of Punjab.

    Nov-24-2022
    PBA/11-22/Cir-20039
  • 21.

    Suspension of Business - Gold Stone Construction (Pvt.) Ltd.

    Nov-16-2022
    SA/11-22/GSC-20017
  • 22.

    Suspension of Business of Client - Itel Mobile Limited

    Nov-07-2022
    SA/11-22/IML-20007
  • 23.

    Release of Business - Ministry of Information, Broadcasting and National Heritage (Govt. of Pakistan) to release its campaign PM Visit to China

    Nov-03-2022
    through M/s. Enhancerz Communications (Pvt.) Limited
  • 24.

    Release of Business - Ministry of Information, Broadcasting & National Heritage (Govt. of Pakistan)

    Oct-29-2022
    through M/s. Channel 7 Communication (Pvt.) Ltd.
  • 25.

    Release of Business - Ministry of Information, Broadcasting & National Heritage, Govt. of Pakistan

    Oct-27-2022
    through M/s. Channel 7 Communication (Pvt.) Ltd.
  • 26.

    Restoration of Business - Revolution Media (Pvt.) Ltd.

    Oct-26-2022
    RA/10-22/95-19992
  • 27.

    Suspension of Business of Client - Daehan Dewan Motor Company (Pvt.) Ltd.

    Oct-24-2022
    SA/10-22/DDM-19986
  • 28.

    Suspension of Business - Revolution Media (Pvt.) Ltd.

    Oct-24-2022
    SA/10-22/95-19971
  • 29.

    PBA Circular - Political Advertisement Policy

    Jul-13-2022
    PBA/07-22/19241
  • 30.

    Release of Business - Election Commission of Pakistan Govt. of Pakistan

    Oct-07-2022
    through M/s. Smart Ways Communication (Pvt.) Ltd.
  • 31.

    Release of Business - Election Commission of Pakistan (Govt. of Pakistan) to release its campaign Final Publication of E-Rolls.

    Oct-07-2022
    through M/s. Midas Communications Pakistan (Pvt.) Ltd.
  • 32.

    Release of Business - Ministry of Information, Broadcasting & National Heritage, Govt. of Pakistan

    Sep-27-2022
    through Manhattan Communication (Pvt.) Ltd.
  • 33.

    Release of Business - Virtual University of Pakistan to release its campaign Fall / Spring 2022 Admission Campaign

    Sep-19-2022
    through M/s Interlink Advertising (Pvt.) Limited
  • 34.

    Restoration of Business - Peridot Products (Pvt.) Ltd.

    Sep-07-2022
    RA/09-22/PD-19646
  • 35.

    Suspension of Business - Message Communications

    Sep-07-2022
    SA/09-22/55-19642
  • 36.

    Suspension of Business - Peridot Products (Pvt.) Limited

    Sep-05-2022
    SA/09-22/PD-19631
  • 37.

    Release of Business - Ministry of Information, Broadcasting & National Heritage, Govt. of Pakistan - 5th August Youm-e-Estehsal Kashmir

    Aug-06-2022
    through Interlink Advertising (Pvt.) Ltd.
  • 38.

    Release of Business - Ministry of Information, Broadcasting & National Heritage, Govt. of Pakistan - 5th August Youm-e-Estehsal Kashmir

    Aug-05-2022
    through Time & Space Media (Pvt.) Ltd.
  • 39.

    Suspension of Business - M/s. Al Shaheer Corporation Limited [Formerly Al Shaheer Corporation (Pvt.) Limited

    Jul-15-2022
    SA/07-22/SCL-19301
  • 40.

    Suspension of Business - Decagon Pakistan (Pvt.) Limited

    Jul-14-2022
    SA/07-22/DPL-19299
  • 41.

    PBA Circular - Political Advertisement Policy

    Jul-13-2022
    PBA/07-22/19242
  • 42.

    Release of Business - Ministry of Planning Development & Special Initiatives (Govt. of Pakistan) to release its campaign Turnaround Pakistan Conference

    Jun-24-2022
    through M/s. Midas Communication Pakistan (Pvt.) Limited.
  • 43.

    Restoration of Business - Convenience Food Industries (Pvt.) Limited - Laziza

    Jun-20-2022
    RA/06-22/CL-19193
  • 44.

    Provisional Restoration of Business - Sound & Vision (Pvt.) Limited.

    Jun-15-2022
    RA/06-22/135-19191
  • 45.

    Release of Business - Benazir Income Support Program - BISP (Govt. of Pakistan) to release its campaign Fuel Subsidy Program

    Jun-09-2022
    through M/s. Interlink Advertising (Pvt.) Limited.
  • 46.

    Suspension of Business - 6th Sense Marketing (Pvt.) Limited.

    Jun-06-2022
    SA/06-22/6S-19191
  • 47.

    Suspension of Business - Al Rauf Developers

    Jun-06-2022
    SA/06-22/6S-19189
  • 48.

    Provisional Restoration of Business - M/s. JS Bank Limited.

    Jun-03-2022
    RA/06-22/JSL-19187
  • 49.

    Release of Business - Virtual University of Pakistan to release its campaign "DIGI Skills Training Program under Spring 2022 Admission Campaign

    Jun-01-2022
    through M/s. Interlink Advertising (Pvt.) Limited
  • 50.

    Suspension of Business - JS Bank Limited

    May-31-2022
    SA/05-22/JSL-19184
  • 51.

    Release of Business - Ministry of Information, Broadcasting & National Heritage , Govt. of Pakistan

    May-25-2022
    through M/s. Channel 7 Communication (Pvt.) Ltd and M/s. Interlink Advertising (Pvt.) Ltd.
  • 52.

    Release of Business - Ministry of Information, Broadcasting & National Heritage , Govt. of Pakistan

    May-16-2022
    through Channel 7 Communication (Pvt.) Ltd.
  • 53.

    Restoration of Business - M/s. X2O (Pvt.) Ltd

    Apr-25-2022
    RA/04-22/84-19184
  • 54.

    Release of Business - Utility Stores Corporation (Pvt.) Ltd, Govt. of Pakistan

    Apr-22-2022
    through Time & Space Media (Pvt.) Ltd.
  • 55.

    Suspension of Business - X2O (Pvt.) Ltd

    Apr-20-2022
    SA/04-22/84-19118
  • 56.

    Release of Business - Ministry of Information, Broadcasting & National Heritage , Govt. of Pakistan

    Apr-18-2022
    through Channel 7 Communication (Pvt.) Ltd.
  • 57.

    Release of Business - Utility Stores Corporation (Pvt.) Ltd, Govt. of Pakistan

    Apr-01-2022
    through M/s. Time & Space Media (Pvt.) Ltd and M/s. Manhattan Communication (Pvt.) Ltd.
  • 58.

    Release of Business - Ministry of Information, Broadcasting & National Heritage , Govt. of Pakistan

    Mar-29-2022
    through Interlink Advertising (Pvt.) Ltd
  • 59.

    Release of Business - Virtual University of Pakistan to release its campaign Spring 2022 Admission Campaign

    Mar-25-2022
    through M/s. Interlink Advertising (Pvt.) Limited
  • 60.

    Suspension of Business - Emerging Innovations (Pvt.) Limited

    Mar-16-2022
    SA/03-22/EIL-19080
  • 61.

    Suspension of Business - B4U Soft (Pvt.) Limited.

    Mar-16-2022
    SA/03-22/B4U-19079
  • 62.

    Release of Business - Benazir Income Support Program - BISP (Govt. of Pakistan) to release its campaign Ehsas Initiatives

    Mar-07-2022
    through M/s. OAK Media (Pvt.) Limited and M/s Manhattan Communication (Pvt.) Limited.
  • 63.

    Restoration of Business - Xander Communication (Pvt.) Ltd.

    Mar-02-2022
    RA/03-22/115-19033
  • 64.

    Release of Business - Ministry of Finance (Finance Division), Govt. of Pakistan

    Mar-02-2022
    through Manhattan Communications (Pvt.) Limited and Midas Communication Pakistan (Pvt.) Limited
  • 65.

    Release of Business - National Bank of Pakistan - NBP to release its campaign Ehsas Targeted Commodity Subsidy Programme

    Feb-28-2022
    through Creative Junction (Pvt.) Limited
  • 66.

    Suspension of Business - Momentum Marketing & Communications (Pvt.) Limited.

    Feb-25-2022
    SA/02-22/145-19013
  • 67.

    Release of Business - Ministry of Climate Change (Govt. of Pakistan) - Nationwide Spring Tree Plantation Campaign 2022

    Feb-18-2022
    through M/s. Oak Media (Pvt.) Ltd and M/s. Adage Communications (Pvt.) Ltd.
  • 68.

    Restoration of Business - Adetude (Pvt.) Limited.

    Feb-16-2022

  • 69.

    Release of Business - Benazir Income Support Program - BISP (Govt. of Pakistan) to release its campaign "Ehsas Taleemi Wazaif" through M/s. OAK Media (Pvt) Limited.

    Feb-15-2022

  • 70.

    Suspension of Business - Adetude (Pvt.) Limited.

    Feb-10-2022
    SA/02-22/02-18827
  • 71.

    Letter from Z2C Pakistan (Pvt.) Ltd.

    Feb-10-2022

  • 72.

    PBA Circular - Disclosure about Group / Affiliate Advertising Agencies / MBHs

    Jan-27-2022
    PBA/01-22/Cir-18840
  • 73.

    Release of Business - Ministry of Information, Broadcasting and National Heritage (MOIB) - (Govt. of Pakistan) to release its campaign Naya Pakistan Song (Sab K Liyey)

    Jan-26-2022
    through M/s Interlink Advertising (Pvt) Limited and M/s. Midas Communication Pakistan
  • 74.

    Release of Business - Benazir Income Support Program (BISP), Govt. of Pakistan

    Jan-21-2022
    through Manhattan Communications (Pvt.) Limited
  • 75.

    Suspension of Business - Sound & Vision (Pvt.) Limited

    Jan-19-2022
    SA/01-22/135-18825
  • 76.

    Suspension of Business - Convenience Food Industries (Pvt.) Limited

    Jan-14-2022
    SA/01-22/CF18806
  • 77.

    PBA Press Release - January 02, 2022

    Jan-02-2022

  • 78.

    PBA Circular - CPRP Mechanism December 28, 2021

    Dec-28-2021
    PBA/12-21/Cir (Mem)-18792
  • 79.

    Release of Business - Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) to release its campaign Varif & Win (Point of Sale)

    Dec-09-2021
    through M/s. Interlink Advertising (Pvt) Limited.
  • 80.

    Release of Business - Ministry of Information, Broadcasting and National Heritage (MOIB) - (Govt. of Pakistan) to release its campaign "Naya Pakistan Card"

    Dec-07-2021
    through M/s Midas Communications Pakistan (Pvt) Limited
  • 81.

    Release of Business - Ministry of Information, Broadcasting and National Heritage (MOIB) - (Govt. of Pakistan) to release its campaign Naya Pakistan (Sab K Liyey)

    Dec-06-2021
    through M/s Interlink Advertising (Pvt) Ltd.
  • 82.

    Release of Business - Benazir Income Support Program (BISP), Govt. of Pakistan - Campaign Name - Ehsas Rashan Riyaat

    Dec-05-2021

  • 83.

    PBA Circular - Submission of Pending GST Certificate / WHT Challans

    Dec-02-2021
    PBA/12-21/Cir-18760
  • 84.

    PBA Working Committees 2021 - 2022

    Nov-29-2021

  • 85.

    Release of Business - Election Commission of Pakistan, Govt. of Pakistan "Revision of Electoral Rolls" through Smart Ways Communications (Pvt.) Limited

    Nov-24-2021
    Email
  • 86.

    Restoration of Business - Himont Laboratories (Pvt.) Limited.

    Nov-22-2021
    RA/11-12/HL-18693
  • 87.

    Suspension of Business - Vibrant Communications

    Nov-02-2021
    SA/11-21/76-18644
  • 88.

    PBA Press Release - Annual General Meeting - 2021

    Nov-01-2021

  • 89.

    Restoration of Business - M/s. TNI Communications

    Oct-27-2021
    RA/10-21/79-18637
  • 90.

    Release of Business - Ministry of Information, Broadcasting and National Heritage (MOIB) - (Govt. of Pakistan)

    Oct-26-2021
    campaign Kashmir Black Day through M/s Midas Communications Pakistan (Pvt) Limited.
  • 91.

    Restoration of Business - M/s. Focus & Rulz Healthcare (Pvt.) Ltd.

    Oct-22-2021
    RA/10-21/FR-18630
  • 92.

    Restoration of Business - M/s. Aspire Progressive Learning (Pvt.) Limited

    Oct-21-2021
    RA/10-21/APL-18625
  • 93.

    Suspension of Business - Himont Laboratories (Pvt.) Ltd

    Oct-20-2021
    SA/10-21/18620
  • 94.

    Suspension of Business - M/s. Six B Food Industry (Pvt.) Limited

    Oct-20-2021
    SA/10-21/SB-18623
  • 95.

    Release of Business - Virtual University of Pakistan to release its campaigns "Fall 2021 Admission Campaign" and Spring 2022 Admission Campaign

    Oct-05-2021
    through M/s. Orient Communications (Pvt.) Limited
  • 96.

    Release of Business - Ministry of Finance (Finance Division) - Govt. of Pakistan to release its campaign Kamiyab Pakistan Program

    Oct-05-2021
    through M/s. Midas Communications Pakistan (Pvt) Limited.
  • 97.

    Release of Business - Virtual University of Pakistan to release its campaign Fall 2021 Admission Campaign

    Sep-23-2021
    through M/s. Interlink Advertising (Pvt) Limited
  • 98.

    Release of Business - FBR, Govt. of Pakistan Filing of Income Tax Returns-2021

    Sep-18-2021
    through M/s Adage Communications (Pvt) Ltd.
  • 99.

    Release of Business - Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) Govt. of Pakistan to release its campaign Income Tax Returns-2021

    Sep-17-2021
    through M/s Creative Junction (Pvt) Limited.
  • 100.

    Release of Business - Benazir Income Support Program - BISP (Govt. of Pakistan) to release its campaign "Ehsas Taleemi Wazaif" through M/s. Interlink Advertising (Pvt) Limited.

    Sep-15-2021
    Email
Suspended Agencies
Ideas Workshop (Pvt) Limited, Eiman Ad Communications, Message Communications, X2O Private Limited, Promoters Advertising, Pirana Advertising (Pvt) Limited, MEDIAONE Communication, Graymatter Communications, The Circuit (Pvt) Limited, Spider 360 Media (Pvt.) Limited, Creative Consultant (Pvt.) Limited, Advertising & Information Management (Pvt) Limited (AIM), Evernew Concepts (Pvt) Limited, Momentum Marketing & Communications Pvt. Ltd (formerly Dawn Communications (Pvt.) Ltd.), Paragon International (Pvt.) Ltd, Adgroup (Pvt) Limited, Difference (Private) Limited, Brandkey Communication (Pvt.) Limited, Add World Advertising Agency, Communication Spot, The Circle Agency, Awan Brand Communications, Midas (Pvt) Limited - LHR, Adreach Advertising, Orient Advertising (Pvt) Limited, Super Media Communications (SMC Pvt) Ltd, Vibrant Communications,
Suspended Clients
Master City (Pvt) Ltd, Decagon Pakistan (Pvt.) Limited, Dynasel (Pvt) Ltd, Ministry of Communications (Govt. of Pakistan), Ministry of Kashmir Affairs & Northern Areas (Govt. of Pakistan), Premier American School, Privatisation Commission (Govt. of Pakistan), Ministry of Defence Production (Govt. of Pakistan), Metropolitan Corporation Islamabad (Govt. of Pakistan), G-Tide Mobiles Pakistan, Ministry of Federal Education & Professional Training - (Govt. of Pakistan), Federal Board of Revenue (FBR), National AIDS Control Programe (Ministry of Health - Govt. of Pakistan), Directorate of Malaria Control - Ministry of National Health Services, Regulation & Coordination (Govt. Of Pakistan), Get Technologies, Ministry of Health & Special Education (Govt. of Pakistan), Ministry of Women Development (Govt. of Pakistan), Capital Development Authority (CDA) (Govt. of Pakistan), Taha Developers, I.S Abbac International (Pvt) Ltd, Ministry of National Food Security & Research (Govt. of Pakistan), The Snack Bites Company, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Govt. of Pakistan), Ministry of Narcotics Control (Govt. of Pakistan), Govt. of Pakistan Services Hospital, Ezee Travels (Pvt.) Ltd, Department of Plant Protection (Ministry of Food, Agriculture & Livestock - Govt. of Pakistan), Ocean Marina Gwadar, Pakistan Oil & Seed Development Board (Ministry of Food Agriculture & Livestock - Govt. of Pakistan), Ministry of Information Technology (Govt. of Pakistan), Hiba Life (Pvt.) Limited, Alternative Energy Development Board (AEDB) (Govt. of Pakistan), Big Bird Foods (Pvt) Ltd, Emerging Innovations (Pvt.) Limited, National Energy Conservation Centre (ENERCON) (Ministry of Environment - Govt. of Pakistan), Ministry of Food & Agriculture & Livestock (Govt. of Pakistan), Daehan Dewan Motor Company (Pvt.) Limited, National Vocational & Technical Training Commission (NAVTTC) (Govt. of Pakistan), National Education Foundation (Ministry of Education - Govt. of Pakistan), Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) (Govt. of Pakistan), Medtech Trading Corporation, DYL Motorcycle Ltd, Ministry of Zakat & Ushr (Govt. of Pakistan), Ministry of Railways (Govt. of Pakistan), Ministry of Tourism (Govt. of Pakistan), Ministry of Youth Affairs (Govt. of Pakistan), Pakistan Bait-ul-Mall, Al Shaheer Corporation Limited [Formerly Al Shaheer Corporation (Pvt.) Limited], Bikiya Industries (Private) Limited, 6th Sense Marketing (Pvt.) Limited, Ministry of Textile Industry (Govt. of Pakistan), Six B Food Industry (Pvt) Ltd, Govt. of Pakistan Employees Housing Foundation, Raza Industries (Pvt) Ltd, Ministry of Climate Change (Govt. of Pakistan), Ministry of Information, Broadcasting and National Heritage (Govt. of Pakistan), A&I Enterprises, Lahore Electric Supply Company (LESCO), Ministry of Ports & Shipping (Govt. of Pakistan), Enem Estates, Ministry of Sports (Govt. of Pakistan), Master Sanitary Fittings Industries Ltd, Ministry of Education (Govt. of Pakistan), Ministry of Information Technology (TReMU) (Govt. of Pakistan), Small & Medium Enterprise Development Authority (SMEDA) (Govt. of Pakistan), Chimera (Pvt.) Ltd., Evacuee Trust Poperty Board (Govt. of Pakistan), Master Tiles & Ceramic Industries Ltd, B4U Soft (Pvt.) Limited, Master Poly Plastic Industries Ltd, Board of Investment (Govt. of Pakistan), Ministry of Environment (Govt. of Pakistan), U & I Garments (Pvt) Ltd, Digicom Trading (Pvt) Ltd, Multan Sultans (Pvt) Ltd, Aala Dawakhana, Al-Rauf Developers, Federal Government Employees Housing Authority (Govt. of Pakistan), Itel Mobile Limited, National Council for TIBB (Ministry of Health - Govt. of Pakistan), Forvil Cosmetics , Ministry of Dairy Development (Govt. of Pakistan), Ministry of Finance (Finance Division) - Govt. of Pakistan, IVY Boutique, Health Education Cell (Ministry of Health - Govt. of Pakistan), JW Tech (Pvt) Ltd, Ministry of Water & Power (Govt. of Pakistan), A&I Realtor (Pvt.) Limited, Fast Marketing Consultants (Pvt) Ltd, Intelligence Bureau (Govt. of Pakistan), Drugs Control Organization (Ministry of Health - Govt. of Pakistan), Master Ballpoint Pen Industries (Pvt) Ltd, Ministry of Minorities, Culture, Sports, Tourism & Youth Affairs (Govt. of Pakistan), Ministry of Parlimentary Affairs (Govt. of Pakistan), Directorate of Hajj (Govt. of Pakistan), Origins, Master Cloth and Suiting Ltd, Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Resources (Govt. of Pakistan), Ministry of Interior (Govt. of Pakistan), Ministry of National Health Services, Regulations & Coordination (Govt. of Pakistan), Ministry of Population Welfare (Govt. of Pakistan), MAB Builders, Crescent Star Foods (Pvt) Ltd, Master Beverages and Foods Limited, Population Census Organization - Statistics Division (Govt. of Pakistan), Ministry of Science & Technology (Govt. of Pakistan), EHFPRO, Ministry of Planning Development & Special Initiatives (Govt. of Pakistan) formerly Ministry of Planning, Development & Reform (Govt. of Pakistan), Ministry of Housing & Works (Govt. of Pakistan), Telemall Corporation, Saad Akbar Developers & Builders (Pvt.) Ltd, Gold Stone Construction (Pvt.) Ltd, Ministry of Culture, Sports & Tourism (Govt. of Pakistan), Berrio International (Pvt) Ltd, Ministry of Religious Affairs (Govt. of Pakistan), The Olympus Mall, Al-Siddique Developers, Ministry of Industries & Production (Govt. of Pakistan), Ministry of Energy, Power Division (Govt. of Pakistan), Ministry of Labour & Manpower And Overseas Pakistani (Govt. of Pakistan), Ministry of Social Welfare and Special Education (Govt. of Pakistan), UniChampion Trading Ltd, Programme for National Hydropower Development (Ministry of Water & Power - Govt. of Pakistan),